In popular music an arrangement is a setting of a piece of music, which may have been composed by the arranger or by someone else. Most commonly, this is a matter of providing instrumentation for the songwriter or composer’s basic melody and harmony. It may add details omitted by the composer, or it may replace those originally given and be merely based on the original work.
In classical music an arrangement is a setting of any composition for a different medium other than the one for which it was created: e.g. a piano piece may be arranged for full orchestra, or an orchestral composition may be arranged for solo piano. Often arrangement involves considerable reworking of the original material, in conformance with the resources of the final medium.
As with composition, the ready availability of sound recording equipment has changed the understanding of what arrangement means. At one stage, credit for an arrangement would only be given to a person who had produced a written musical score or written chart of some sort. More recently, any original treatment of an existing work that is available for repeated performance by other players may qualify to be loosely called an arrangement. An unscored arrangement may be called a head chart (it is in the head of the musician(s)). Every time a piece of music is performed it has an arrangement, which may or may not have been done by a professional arranger.
An arrangement may specify or vary some or all of:
An arrangement is often an adaptation of a previously arranged piece of music for a musical application other than that for which it was originally meant. This includes arrangements for different instruments, e.g. an arrangement for piano or flute, or a duet, based on a symphonic piece, or an arrangement of instrumental accompaniment for vocal music). Or, it may be an adaptation for another musical style, e. g. adaptation of a classical piece for a jazz or rock ensemble, orchestration of a song written by a popular band, or an a cappella setting of a song from a stage musical or an opera.
This information taken from: www.en.wikipedia.org
No. You cannot belong to more than one society at any time. COSCAP has a number of reciprocal agreements with societies worldwide and as a result, its members’ works are administered by these societies in their respective territories and any royalties collected for COSCAP’s members are sent to COSCAP.
COSCAP pays its members strictly on the basis of the use of their works as reported in the programme returns (logs) provided by the broadcasters, in the live performance sheets submitted by members and from the samples COSCAP carries out at licensed premises. Therefore, the more of your songs used and reported, the more money you will earn.
COSCAP conducts surveys at various venues to determine the works used in live performances but we also encourage our members to complete the COSCAP Live Performance Sheets or where others are performing their works to have them complete the COSCAP Live Performance Sheets. The management of the venues is also provided with Live Performance Sheets to provide to artists. The information provided should include the list of all the songs performed and not only those written by you.
COSCAP is provided with programme returns (logs) by the broadcasters, live performance sheets by members, playlists by promoters and also samples recorded music use at licensed premises. In the case of large concerts (where more than $5,000.00 in royalties is collected) all of the information about the works used is analysed to find out whose works were used. However, this is not possible for all types of music usage as it is simply not cost effective. In these cases, samples are used.The royalties collected are distributed according to these analyses and songwriters and publishers are paid in accordance with this information.
The music publisher is the person who will exploit the song. He/She will promote the song, promoting and helping to secure a record deal. The publisher will normally pay the writer an annual advance on account for future royalties but the writer is usually required to give the publisher an assignment of rights. This means that there has been a transfer of ownership of copyright to the publisher. This must be in writing and the publisher will make a deal with the writer(s) to share revenue; in Barbados this is normally 50:50 but it can vary.
Creative works which include songs, books, works of art, photos, dramatic pieces amongst many other things are protected under the Barbados Copyright Act 1998 by the sole fact of creation irrespective of their content, quality and purpose, as long as they are recorded in a tangible form. Copyright is generally protected during the life of the author and for fifty years after his death.
Years ago in order to have copyright protection you had to place the copyright © notice on the work. However, to be eligible for certain types of damages and costs this practice still remains in some countries.
The four elements of a copyright © notice are as follows:
Nonetheless, if a dispute over ownership of a work arises, the copyright owner will have to prove ownership and that he/she owned the work at a particular date. One system used to establish ownership is as follows:
Place a copy of the work to be protected in an envelope and seal it. Go to the Post Office and register the package to your home address. Do not open it when it arrives; instead, store it safely.
If later you have a problem in the form of an infringement (where someone else claims to be the author) go to a lawyer with your registered mail. That becomes your evidence of ownership.
If you are a member, you may register your works before they are published but you must remember to update COSCAP on all details if you sign with a music publisher or if there is any change on release.
To join COSCAP as a writer you must have written or co-written at least one song that has been commercially released. The cost of joining as a writer member is a one-time fee of $176.25 VAT inclusive.
The application process:
Once your application has been duly submitted a recommendation is made by the CEO to the Council of Directors of COSCAP who will then decide whether you meet the requirements to become a member. You will then be notified in writing and if successful, you are required to attend an induction seminar and to pay the necessary membership fees. You will not become a member until all of these conditions have been met.
All members join the organisation as a “provisional member” for a two year period. A provisional member has all the privileges and obligations of an active member but is not eligible to vote and is not eligible to hold any office of COSCAP. After a requisite two (2) year period, provisional members can become “active members”.
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"Colonialism Ain Dead" is a riddim poem arranged to reggae music by Barbados-born Performance Poet, Adisa Jelani Andwele (AJA) and featuring singer Fiona Marie!!! It speaks to the fact that despite the Abolition of Slavery, Emancipation and the acquiring of Nationhood Status from European Countries...today Colonialism is present physically and in the minds of the descendants of the enslaved Africans across the Caribbean, the USA and the African Diaspora!!!!